Kali concept in Kerala is the expansion of the non-brahmanic culture that
prevailed in south India. The worship of number of village goddesses very much
popular in south India especially in Kerala. The normal function of the grama-devatas or village goddess is the protector-ship of the village, but many
of them are believed to have other powers, especially in relation to disease and
calamity. The village folk commonly set the goddesses under a tree specially under jack fruit tree. The village
deities and their worship are widely different from the popular Hindu deities.The
goddesses ,generally represented by a stone. The Pujas were commonly done by the people from other castes not the Brahmins..The
most common goddesses who was worshipped in almost every village of south India
was goddess of small pox commonly known as Mariamman
or Vasurimala . These goddess were
later began to worship as the incarnations of Goddess Kali when Kali cult began
to popular in the region.
No other cult in
kerala is so much deep rooted in the cultural space of the state than the cult
of goddess kali. The general Kali myth narrated in the Devi Mahatmyam,
the last part of Sristikhanda of Markandeya Purana. In Kerala,
the Kali myth was explained in a narrative form and each community has their
own version of this myth. In Kerala ,people
attribute different characteristics and conceptualize the deity of Bhadrakali.
is the main goddess concept popular among the Kerala society. In each and every village
of Kerala there is no temple or kavu which was dedicated to the worship Kali.
Most of the goddess idols are constructed in wood or kadusarkara. She
carries a trident, head of Dharika,
sword, vattala and vethalam is her vehicle. She has three eyes,
four or eight hands. The appearance of Kali in Kerala is in sitting position.
Kali originates from vision, which means eyes. People believe that there is a
presence of Kali in the kavu and each house lights lamp in the kavu of
their house. This light is badra deepam (Bhadra means Bhagavathi