Before this basic definition the symptoms of alcoholism can

Before recorded history, human beings
discovered that grape juice, when exposed to naturally occurring yeasts,
becomes wine (Torr, 1974:p.14) and it is the process called “Fermentation”. As
a result it has this unique flavor that satisfies individuals. Therefore as
year passed by alcohol plays a vital role and has become a culture in any type
of occasions such as weddings, birthdays, Christmas and a lot more. Obviously,
an occasion will not be complete without alcohol.

In many societies, drinking behavior
is considered important for the whole social order, and so drinking is defined
and limited in accordance with fundamental motifs of the culture (Mandelbaum,
1965:p.281).

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Unfortunately, alcohol can result to a
negative approach to other. Aside being one of the harmful causes to health, it
can also be dangerous to our society even to other individuals.  ALCOHOLICS are for the most part dissocialized
people; people who are somewhat dependent, over sensitive, shy, frightened; who
feel isolated, guilty, and remorseful; people who increasingly have dropped out
of their emotionally meaningful groups; who have increasingly lost interest in
the values and attitudes that are most important to their society (Bacon, 1957:
Vol. 10 (10),p.35-44).

When a person drink alcohol without
self-consciousness, with emotional problem and the inability to make the right
decision most likely to commit aggressive criminal offenses such as homicides,
sexual abuse, assaults, child abuse, robbery, murder and more.

The problem most often associated with
heavy drinking, however, is alcoholism. Simply put, alcoholism is addiction to
alcohol, but beyond this basic definition the symptoms of alcoholism can be
difficult to pinpoint. They include a craving for alcohol, lack of self-control
when drinking, a high tolerance for the effects of alcohol, and physical
withdrawal symptoms, such as sweating, shakiness, and anxiety, when alcohol use
ceases (Torr, 1974:p.14).

Alcohol is a cultural artifact; the
form and meanings of drinking alcoholic beverages are culturally defined, as are
the uses of any other major artifact. The form is usually quite explicitly
stipulated, including the kind of drink that can be used, the amount and rate
of intake, the time and place of drinking, the accompanying ritual, the sex and
age of the drinker, the roles involved in drinking, and the role behavior
proper to -drinking. The meanings of drinking, its relation to other aspects of
the culture and society, are usually more implicit. Thus drinking in a particular
society may be either a sacred or a profane act, depending on the context, and
the people may not be aware of the basic principles and meanings that are
actually involved (Mandelbaum, 1965: p.281)

The term alcoholic is increasingly
seen as an unhelpful label because it is often thought of as a negative
judgment. Being labelled as an alcoholic may therefore discourage people from
seeking help even when they know they have a problem (Korhonen, 2004: p. 4)

About 100,000 deaths a year can be
wholly or partially attributed to drinking, and alcoholism reduces life
expectancy by 10 to 12 years. Next to smoking, it is the most common
preventable cause of death in America. Although studies indicate that adults
who drink moderately (about one drink a day) have a lower mortality rate than
their non-drinking peers, their risk for untimely death increases with heavier
drinking. Any protection that occurs with moderate alcohol intake appears to be
confined to adults over 60 who have risks for heart disease. The earlier a
person begins drinking heavily, the greater their chance of developing serious
illnesses later on. Alcoholism can kill in many different ways, and, in
general, people who drink regularly have a higher rate of deaths from injury,
violence, and some cancers ((Torr, 1974:p.23)

The drinking population can be
represented by a continuum ranging from those who drink alcohol without
problems, through those who drink with problems at a level which allows them to
function relatively normally, through to those who are dependent drinkers
suffering withdrawal symptoms. In between there are many shades of grey. While,
without doubt, crime can be associated with dependent problematic use of
alcohol, many of the problems the police deal with are not a result of
dependent drinkers but are ordinary drinkers who have ‘binged’ and cannot
control their behavior (Dehan, A, 1999: p. 1-2)

However, alcohol dependence according
to the ICD-10 criteria (three or more have to be fulfilled) was diagnosed in
94.1% of the alcoholics with an early onset (? 25 years), but only in 62.2% of
those with late onset (P