I. promote economic, social and political empowerment of women

I. INTRODUCTION

The European Commission defines Gender mainstreaming as the
integration of the gender perspective into every stage of policy processes –
design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation – with a view to promoting
equality between women and men. It means assessing how policies impact on the
life and position of both women and men – and taking responsibility to
re-address them if necessary.” (European
Commission)

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

 

UNESCO’s Gender Mainstreaming strategy
ensures that women and men benefit equally from programme and policy support.
It is intended to transform development such that equality becomes both a means
and an end. It aims at achieving all international development goals,
including, but not only, those explicitly seeking to achieve gender equality.
Gender mainstreaming means:

ü  identifying gaps in gender equality through the use of gender
analysis and                       sex-disaggregated data;

ü  raising awareness about gaps;

ü  building support for change through advocacy and
alliances/partnerships;

ü  developing strategies and programmes to close existing gaps;

ü  putting adequate resources and the necessary expertise into
place;

ü  monitoring implementation; and

ü  holding individuals and institutions accountable for results.

(Source: UNESCO Medium Term Strategy, 2008-2013, Paris UNESCO,
2008.)

 

Gender mainstreaming can be defined as the process of assessing the
implications for women and men of any planned actions, including legislation,
policies or programmes, in all areas and at all levels. It is a strategy for
making women’s as well as men’s concerns and experiences an integral dimension
of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and
programmes in all political, economic and societal spheres, so that women and
men benefit equally and inequality is not perpetuated. UNECOSOC, 1997

 

The Philippine Commission on Women role
is to undertake continuing advocacy to promote economic, social and political
empowerment of women and provide technical assistance in the setting-up and
strengthening of mechanisms on gender mainstreaming. More specifically provides
technical services and ensures the development of institutional capabilities
for gender and development (GAD) mainstreaming of government agencies and
selected partners.

 

As an advocate for Gender and Development, Benguet
State University has been actively promoting its vision as a premier university delivering world-class
education that promotes sustainable development amidst climate change and mission
that educational
institution to implement policies, plans activities and programs that will
create gender sensitive-individuals in a responsive and gender-fair environment.
BSU introduced diverse efforts that have been carry
out and regular commitment to implement gender mainstreaming. In order to know
the extent of accomplishment, specific and tangible activities were   identified through the Gender Mainstreaming
Evaluation Framework (GMEF). It aimed primarily to
help the Gender and Development Focal Points, members of technical working
groups and other related GAD committees to track and assess progress of gender mainstreaming activities, used as a
planning, monitoring and assessment tool. Results will assist organizations in locating and
responding to gender gaps and needs towards women empowerment and gender
equality in measuring gains and successes, as well as
pinpoint areas for improvement in the way they mainstream the gender and development
(GAD) perspective

 

At its regular meeting last January 23, 2017 report provides
the findings of this evaluation and carried out. A recommendation for the GMEF result to undertake a comprehensive evaluation and assessment by the BSU
Technical Working group members and was presented for final output last December
16, 2017 during the GAD Plan and Budget Session 2019 at Leisure Coast, Dagupan,
Pangasinan.

 

The GMEF inclusive period of Assessment
is January 2014 to December 2016. Over-all, BSU scored 54.32
which is equivalent to Level 2 or Installation of Strategic Mechanisms.

 

II. POLICY IMPERATIVES ON GENDER MAINSTREAMING

·        
Beijing Platform for
Action (BPfA) Adopted Mainstreaming as a strategy or Platform
For Action emphasizing
2 aspects: requires the integration of equality concerns into the
analyses and formulation of policies, programs and projects, to ensure positive
impact on women and reduce gender disparities; and inclusion of the interests,
needs, experiences and visions of women in the definition of development
approaches, policies and programs and in determining the overall development
agenda.

·        
1987 Philippine Constitution, Sec 14, Art II “The State recognizes the
role of women in nation building and shall ensure the fundamental equality
before the law of women and men.”

·        
Women in Development and Nation Building Act (RA 7192) promotes the
integration of women as full and equal partners of men in development and
nation building;

·        
General Appropriations Act (GAA)directs the formulation of a GAD plan in
which the cost of which shall not be less than 5% of their annual budget

·        
RA 9710 Magna Carta for Women; Chapter VI: Institutional Mechanisms

·        
Gender Mainstreaming as a strategy to implement the MCW (Sec. 37)All government agencies, offices,
bureaus, instrumentalities, SUCs, GOCCs and LGUs shall pursue the adoption of
GM as a strategy to promote and fulfill women’s human rights and eliminate
gender discrimination in their systems, structures, policies, programs and
processes.

·        
NEDA’s Mandate to
Implement the MCW Sec. 37. Gender Mainstreaming as a Strategy for Implementing
the Magna Carta of Women

ü In
partnership with PCW, DBM , DILG, the academe and CSOs, provide technical
assistance to agencies and LGUs on GAD

ü  With PCW, DBM, COA, DILG and other concerned agencies,
ensure that an effective system to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of
the GAD Budget utilization of the agencies and LGUs is in place;

ü With
PCW, DBM and DILGM enhance and update existing guidelines and tools on the
development, implementation, and monitoring of GAD Plans and Programs and
utilization of the GAD Budget by NGAs, LGUs, and other government
instrumentalities.

 

 

 

 

III.OBJECTIVES:           

BSU
Gender Mainstreaming Assessment aims to:

1. To assess BSU’s efforts to develop and implement
gender mainstreaming policies, program implementation
mechanisms, operations, service delivery and monitoring and evaluation;

2. To assess the overall performance of BSU
in gender mainstreaming and the promotion of gender equality in the last three
years.

2. Identify gender gaps and areas of improvement in program and project
implementation;

3. Develop policy and program enhancement recommendations and suggest possible
strategies to better implement gender mainstreaming in BSU.

 

III. Methodology

The Gender Mainstreaming Evaluation Framework was used to assess Benguet
State University’s progress in gender mainstreaming. The result relied mainly on collected and existing policy
documents, strategy or working papers. The report is based on GMEF toolkit and
deliberated by the Technical working group. It looked
into the four (4) major entry points, namely: policies, people, enabling mechanisms and programs, projects and
activities. The questionnaire was answered using existing internal and
external policies, system and mechanism. After which the University was rated using the GMEF matrix and
score sheet.

 

IV. Key Findings:

 

KEY AREAS

SCORE

LEVEL

•    
POLICY

11.68

2

•    
PEOPLE

16.98

3

•    
ENABLING MECHANISMS

12.51

2

•    
PROGRAMS, ACTIVITIES
& PROJECTS (PAPS)

13.15

2

                                                            
  TOTAL SCORE=      

54.32

2

                                                                          
OVER- ALL LEVEL=

Table 1.Summary of
BSU’s GMEF Scores per entry point

ü 
Overall result– Level
2 or Installation of Strategic Mechanisms

v  Policy – Level 2 or Installation of Strategic
Mechanisms

v  People – Level 3 or Installation of Strategic
Mechanisms

v  Enabling Mechanisms – Level 2 or Installation
of Strategic Mechanisms

v  PAPs – Level 2 or Foundation Formation

The GMEF Scores revealed that gender mainstreaming in Benguet State University
is at Level2: Installation of Strategic Mechanisms (GMEF Scores 54.32).

 

Basing from the results, the highest score is
People having 16.98 points. In general, the development is due to collective efforts
supported by the BSU GFPS which is sustained
during the implementation of integrated activities. There are many committed individuals and groups but requires significant commitments to enable a systematic
responsibility to be carried out.

On the contrary, Policy had the lowest score of 11.68 which is level 2.
This is acknowledged due to the fact that BSU lacks integration of GAD
perspective in its fundamental implementation,
monitoring and evaluation of all policies and programmes.

 

The GMEF Assessment reflects development and conclude that in
the last 3 years Benguet State University has put in place a number of policies
and strategies to Mainstream gender. The implications of the evaluation are
that BSU should reconsider its approach which requires to create stronger and
established GAD conveying a stronger objective, principles and performance
standards.

 

V. The organizational issues

 

The findings
highlights the assessment of Benguet State
University level of gender mainstreaming and the recommendations towards more
responsive processes and services for its students, employees, and overall
enhanced effectiveness of the organization.
The evaluation is primarily forward-looking, responding to BSU concerns to
increase the effectiveness of the organization’s mainstreaming policies and
strategies.

With all the synchronized efforts
of BSU Gender and Development Office with the requirements met, the following
are the issues and concerns for the areas of strengths and areas for
improvement.


POLICY

The Benguet State University level of GAD mainstreaming efforts scored 11.68
in Policy entry point which is equivalent to Level 2: Installation of Strategic Mechanisms.

 

GMEF result:

The key people, necessary policies, support structures, systems and
mechanisms to facilitate and sustain gender mainstreaming is in place.
Irregular application of GAD concepts and tools.

 

The organizational Policy issues and concerns that
surfaced are as follows:

 

Areas of
Strengths

•       Broad statements supporting
GAD-related activities issued

•       GAD perspective integrated in
the Vision, Mission and Goals

•      
Policies
articulating support to mainstream GAD in the organization

ü 
18 Day
Campaign to End Violence Against Women and Children (VAWC)

ü 
Participation to Women’s Month

ü 
Creation/ Institutionalization of the BSU GFPS and
BSU Gender Mainstreaming Framework Sustainable and Equitable Development

-BOR Res. No. 2316, s. 2014

ü 
Policy
on the Creation/ Institutionalization of BSU GFPS and BSU Gender Mainstreaming
Framework Towards Sustainable and Equitable Development

-ADCO Action No. 2257,s. 2014

ü 
Reconstitution
of GAD GFPS Technical Working Group: Office Order and Special Order issued

ü 
Policy
Guidelines on Contract of Service & Job Order Personnel of BSU for
implementation

ü  Issued policy/policies
articulating support to GAD mandates and establishing GAD planning and
budgeting

 

Areas for
Improvement

•      
Policies
addressing
specific needs of clients

•      
Policies
issued for sector specific on GAD

•      
Lack of
interest in GAD mainstreaming

v  PEOPLE

 

The Benguet State University level of GAD mainstreaming efforts scored 16.98
in People entry point which is equivalent to Level 3: GAD Application.

GMEF result:

There is integration and consolidated gender efforts to produce intended
or desired impact on Women. And integrated GAD in the MFO’s, mandates and
performance indicators.

 

The organizational issues and concerns for People
that surfaced are as follows:

 

Areas
of Strengths

•      
Concerned
staff  members able to calibrate GAD
efforts to address emerging gender issues

•      
Concerned
staff members are able to develop IEC materials (brochure)

•      
Majority
of the members of the GFPS occupy strategic positions in the organization

•      
Staff
members recognized as GAD experts and tapped by 
SUCs, LGUs and NGAs

•      
Strengthening male employees’ to initiate and participate in
the organization’s GAD efforts

•      
Top
management able to raise and receive support on GAD concerns from colleagues
during high level meetings

•      
Top management allows key officials, GFPS members
and staff members to participate in  GAD-related
activities

•      
Top
management and GFPS members are aware and conscious of
GAD-related policies and mandates

•      
Top
management is
supportive in the development of GAD Plan and Budget and attends critical
/significant GAD activities

 

Areas
for Improvement

•      
Clients limited
participation in all levels of the development planning cycle of the
organization’s GAD efforts

•      
Either
GFPS or implementers need to integrate GAD in the development of the
organization’s PAPs

•      
GFPS
members  served as GAD resource persons,
within the organization, including its regional 
offices and attached agencies

•      
GFPS
members/ concerned staff lacks basic trainings on Gender Sensitivity Trainings 
(GST), Gender Analysis (GA), GA Tools, GAD Planning and Budgeting

•      
Selected
members of the top management/attended Basic GAD Orientation or GST

•      
GAD
Orientation or Gender Sensitivity Training of the
BSU’s staff

•      
Selected
officials and staff members  reflect GAD
functions in their performance contracts or TORs

•      
Program
implementers lacks training on GA and use of GA tools

•      
Clients
articulate gender issues/ needs in the development of the organization’s GAD
efforts

•      
Top
management support to qualified female staff members including issuance of
relevant directives, provision of relevant trainings, mentoring and others

•      
Women
occupy less than 50% of third level positions but comprise 50% or more of the
middle management and technical positions in the organization

 

v  ENABLING MECHANISMS

The Benguet State University level of GAD mainstreaming efforts scored 12.51
in Enabling
Mechanism entry point which is equivalent to Level 2: Installation of Strategic Mechanisms.

 

 

 

GMEF result:

The key people, necessary policies, support structures, systems and
mechanisms to facilitate and sustain gender mainstreaming is in place.
Irregular application of GAD concepts and tools

 

The organizational
issues and concerns for Enabling Mechanism that surfaced are as follows:

 

Areas of
Strengths

•      
Build
network/partnership with
other organizations and
individuals experts towards
the strategic implementation of GAD programs

•      
Initiated exploratory activity/ies with PCW, organizations and/or individuals
to facilitate gender mainstreaming in the organization

•      
Reconstituted GFPS or similar GAD mechanism  in the central and all regional offices and
attached agencies

 

Areas for
Improvement

•      
AOM from COA but justified by the organization

•      
BSU
is in the process of generating sex-disaggregated data

•      
Data
and information collected but not yet sex-disaggregated

•      
GAD
mechanism established, functional  and are contributing to the attainment of the desired
impact/s

•      
GAD
mechanisms coordinated and monitor progress implementation but not yet able to
generate status/progress report of (limited function)

•      
GFPS
performing limited functions based on the provisions of PCW MC 2011-01

•      
Increase the budget utilization to implements its
GAD PAPs to implement GAD activities
through attribution

•      
Limited
utilization of sex- disaggregated data 
and  gender statistics in all of
the stages of the development planning cycle

•      
Regular
engagement with  agencies,
institutions and/or individuals towards the conduct GAD-related activities

 

 

v  PROGRAMS,
ACTIVITIES & PROJECTS (PAPs)

 

The Benguet State University level of GAD mainstreaming efforts scored 13.15
in Programs, Activities and Projects entry point which is equivalent to Level 2: Installation of Strategic
Mechanisms.

 

GMEF result:

The key people, necessary policies, support structures, systems and
mechanisms to facilitate and sustain gender mainstreaming is in place.
Irregular application of GAD concepts and tools.

 

The organizational issues and concerns for Programs, Activities and Projects that surfaced are as
follows:

 

Areas of Strengths

•      
BSU conducts GAD orientation or GST for both
clients

•      
Developed
and disseminated GAD IEC materials

•      
GAD
capacity development conducted and sustained for both internal and external
clients

•      
Implementation
of GAD PAPs regularly monitored and reported

•      
Observance of international  and 
national GAD-related events

•      
Some existing
IEC materials and KPs reviewed and revised as necessary to ensure use of
gender-fair or non-sexist language and images

•      
With
existing facilities and services that address gender issues and concerns of
both internal and external clients

 

Areas for Improvement

•      
Conduct consultation activities with clients to
identify gender issues and corresponding strategies

•      
Conduct
capacity development on GAD

•      
Developed and disseminated GAD IEC materials

•      
Developed
GAD section in agency website but not updated

•      
GAD mandates
continuously implemented but not regularly monitored by the organization

•       Setting-up of GAD
Corner

 

V. Recommendations

v  POLICY

Recommendations:

Develop/
issuance of Policy on

•        
Adopting GAD Agenda /Strategic Framework

•        
Lack of Gender analysis

•        
GAD perspective
integrated in its organizational/ sectoral plans

•        
Gender
gaps addressed by GAD Policy

•        
Institutionalize the use of Gender-fair language in
all policies and documents and Use of Gender Fair Language and images in policy
issuances

•        
Articulating
support in the development and
enhancement of GAD

•        
Reflect
BSU’s interest for gender mainstreaming 

•        
Utilization of Gender Analysis  and Sex Disaggregated Data results in the
organization

v  PEOPLE

Recommendations:

•      
Concerned
staff members to undergo training for collecting and utilization Sex Disaggregated
Date for Gender Analysis

•      
Ensure involvement of clients in the planning and
implementation of the organization’s GAD efforts

•      
Clients
recognized for their gender mainstreaming efforts

•      
Initial
discussion among  top management
officials on the monitoring of the organization’s GAD efforts; Programs, Activities
and Projects (PAPS) and performance indicators

 

v  ENABLING MECHANISMS

Recommendations:

•      
Develop BSU’s Knowledge Management System integrated with GAD

•      
GAD
database to generate sector-specific Knowledge Products on women and men

•      
Knowledge Management system having GAD-related Knowledge Products

•      
Monitoring
and Evaluation system to track gender-related impacts of GAD efforts on  its clients

•      
GAD
mechanisms to be established and recognized by other organizations as models

 

v  PROGRAMS,
ACTIVITIES & PROJECTS (PAPs)

Recommendations:

•      
Award
system to be integrated with Gender and Development perspective

•      
Conduct
consultation on gender mainstreaming activities

•      
Deepening session on GAD based on training needs
assessment results

•       Conduct Gender Impact assessment        

•      
Conduct sector capacity development activities for
clients

•       Convergence model resulting from
partnership

•      
GAD Agenda or strategic framework on GAD

•       Develop orientation module with
gender sensitivity as a core competency

•       GAD Knowledge Products and GAD
IEC materials for reference

•      
GAD
tools applied  in assessing organization
PAPs

•      
GPB is
based on agenda/relevant emerging issues/new international and national Gender
and Development mandates/ and results of gender analysis

•      
Initiate consultations with PCW and relevant
organizations/individuals on GAD mainstreaming

•      
Institutionalize conduct of regular monitoring on GAD PAPs

•      
Set-up Knowledge Management (KM) system as
mechanism to transfer knowledge on GAD

•       Sustainability action plan on Gender
and Development efforts

•       Update the BSU Gender and Development Section in the Website

•       Use of Gender
Analysis and Gender Analysis Tools Application (e.g. HGDG and GMEF)