Lindsie Irvin-Connelly AFAS A1 Discussion #1 19 January, 2018 Evaluate the contributions of archaeology to the reconstruction of Africa’s past. When evaluating the contributions of archaeology to the reconstructions of Africa`s past, it is a much looked over but yet a very important topic to African American studies. It has shaped the history behind Africa and connects to modern day. Archaeology is the study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture (dictionary.com). This reconstructs Africa’s past with topics such as Africa`s geography, demography, and its language and culture. When looking at the basic information we can understand that Africa is the second biggest continent in the world. Going over South Africa to Egypt. Africa is nearly “three and one-half times the size of the continental United States”(Khapoya, 2). The geography of Africa started it all, starting from the size of Africa, to how many countries inside and the size. Its beauty across lands have shaped Africa into where it was and where it is now in modern day. The wildlife and jungle to even the towns the people of Africa live. Africa has some of the highest mountains and largest lakes, such as Lake Assi and Mt. Kilimanjaro, these peak into the USA. When looking at the of a continent history into modern day it starts with the geography. How the lands spread over and how this part contributes in the reconstruction of Africa’s past connecting into the present. After looking at the physical attributes of the earth and atmosphere. We can take a deeper look into the demography of Africa. Demography is the study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations (dictionary.com). Africa has a population of approximate 1.05 billion people, for being as big as Africa is they are not big in population. They have more geographical space than they do population. When looking at many past and current articles Africa has a higher percentage of death due to health, malnutrition and lack of supportive roofs above their heads. Lastly, we look at the language and culture for Africa. In my anthropology class we are learning the difference in language and culture with connecting it to nature vs nurture. Language and Culture is a unique and varying trait in African History the brings together people of every civilization, it is something that can be born within an individual or implemented and grown into. African family’s from all over their countries settled into their new-found homes and developed a culture and language to live their life from where they are. If you look all over Africa there are around 1500-2000 African languages (nationsonline.org). There are many different languages and cultures evolving around Africa that has changed either exponentially or very little, making what Africa is today. As we have learned that there are many different cultures in Africa there is a big question Americans ask when meeting someone from Africa. Such as “Oh, you are from Africa; what tribe are you from?”(Khapoya,12), people have studied this question for years deeper and deeper learning the phrase tribe is very inaccurate. There are many different parts of the language and culture people from all over the world can lean. In conclusion archeology has contributed lots of different areas such as geography, demography, and language and culture to reconstruct Africa’s past making a change for the modern day.