Mexico has a diverse population and is made up of many different backgrounds and ethnic groups. Beginning with the 16th century when the land was ruled by the Aztec Empire there was still many cultural groups but separated. Native Americans are a prominent group in Mexico making up almost one fifth of the population. The Mestizos, a mix of spanish and native american, makeup somewhere between half and two thirds of the total number of residing citizens. In Mexico, “racial identity remains a powerful social construct…with a measure of pride” (Meyer). The population is constructed of predominantly Mestizo with 64.3% and Mexican White at 15%. The smallest ethnic group in Mexico is the Mexican Black minority at 0.5%.In the early days Mexico was made up of Europeans. The Spanish conquerors arrived in the 20th century and become the leading ethnicity in Mexico. Mexicans began to become dominant in the more urban areas when they immigrated to Mexico City. The immigration grew with the appeal of jobs, land, and a better lifestyle in the city. The vast amount of people now live in the city. The class like system has Native Americans at the bottom of the chain leaving them as the group with the highest number of poverty stricken people. The important industrial employees reside in cities where as the more impoverished people are living along the countryside. People class is based on their education and job but also their political activeness. The language spoken most common throughout the country is of course, Spanish. There are over 50 different languages spoken throughout, some being from the native people. This article can relate back to my novel, Like Water for Chocolate, because they are residing in Mexico City and speaking the Spanish language. Her family has lived in Mexico city for a long time and although they are not technically considered native people they have had their roots dug in there for a long period of time.