ruSSIA assembly which also helps sign laws. The first

 

 

 

 

ruSSIA poilce corruption

 

Kidus Abayre
CPW 4U
Ms. Greene
November 23, 2017
 

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All around the world police corruption is a big problem,
meaning that the law enforcement officers abuse the power they get for their
own personal needs. Corruption can involve one person or a group of people. Russia
is on the list of corruptions ranked 131st country out of 176 on the
corruption perception index list, because of that the Russian citizens don’t
trust the police as of the bad laws and them not knowing their rights so they
must stand up for them self. Russia facing the problem of corruption in the police
force, affects the country in negative way but slowly as the time goes on there
are improving the police force.

 

Russia is one of the biggest country in the world it
takes up 49% of earths 149 million square kilometers, its population is 144.3
million as of 2016, due to its size, good law enforcement is a must. There is
federal law enforcement which takes on the responsibilities of a variety of
different agencies, the current primary law enforcement is the Russian police
which operates by the Law of Police which is approved by the federal assembly which
also helps sign laws.  The first police force
in Russia was created in 1718 in Petersburg, not so long after Moscow had created
their own police force. As time went by, riots occurred caused by the police
force, and one of the riots that happened between the police and gendarmes (an
armed police officer in France) marked the initial outbreak of the February
Revolution 1.

The police became the main target of the revolutionaries and many were killed,
as of that the police Russian Empire was dissolved.

 

In the 18th century is approximately when the
Russian police corruption had started, when the government officials would perform
Kormlenie corruption, which meant that the authority would have received goods,
services, and fees from interested areas. In 1715 till this day accepting a
bribe in Russia would be considered a crime, but officials started to abuse
their power and started to receive fixed salaries and at that time there was so
many increased fixed salaries which made it hard to regulate and bribes where
getting out of control especially for officials. The Bolshevicks established a
new Russian law enforcement which was called the Militsiya, and by the 1922
bribery was considered a criminal act and would be punishable by death. The
Bolshevicks crated Militsiya as they intended that it would help enforce their
new laws 2(Marenin)
as it is would bring an authority of self-organization of people to help with
laws. This force was known as the police for the country and they were in
control.

 

The main problem that lead to the police corruption in Russia
was the officers would use the power they have for their own personal gain,
rather than using it to protect the country by fighting crimes, this would be categorized
as type of corruption called predatory policing, the way they were acting lead
citizens to not trust them to protect the public. The police have no set laws
to follow and had no one to keep them running a certain way as the government doesn’t
act on what they do.  Many police act rude
and cruel and very indifferent to the needs of the people. There have been many
cases of misconduct from Russia officers that doubt their ability to protect. People
join the police force to try and belief that they did something good in their
life and many join for the power they gain which makes them feel unique and
that they are in control of people. There are no set requirements to become a police
officer they accept people that don’t have any background in the police force which
is a big problem.

 

Bribes is caused a lot of corruption; the police force officers
would take money or some sort of gift or some type of other inducement to act
in favor of someone who was done something illegal and by giving a bribe officers
will ignore the criminal act they have committed. There was one women in Russia
where her family was in danger form a harasser, and the officer refused to help
as she didn’t give him a bribe 3. Police
also associate with mafias, as they buy sectors of the law enforcement usually buying
off traffic cops so they won’t disclose their location 4. Police
taking bribes show lot of bad sides of the corruption, but there are many of
them that do good for the country but it is just hard to find. Police take bribes
not because they want to but as they are underpaid they take it for them to just
to survive, and them committing crimes is just a way of living and they see it
as normal thing to do. A former police officer admitted that Russian police commit
crimes on and daily bases, and the government does nothing to reduce the
corruption 5.

         The president of Russia Dmitry
Medvedev, initialed the Russian police reform which is an ongoing reform which
is hopping to improve the efficiency of the Russian police force and helping decrease
the amount of corruption. The name of the force also changed in the act of
making it more universal, it was used to be called Militia and now is called Polisiaya
(police). Part of the change is that they would cut 20% of the law enforcement,
which leads to a higher wage, also the Russian police has been made more of a
federal-level intuition so now they are able to get a federal budget, making
many officers have no need to accept bribes as they are getting paid more. One
of the biggest change in the police force is that they are now doing screening and
more background checks for people joining the force making it harder for people
to become an officer, meaning there will be less bad police men. With all these
changes citizens still believe that the force did not improve, as an
independent study done by Levada Center stated that 6% thought the force had improve
while the other 75% said they didn’t see any sign of change. The police corruption
make take years to solve but Russia is trying their best to improve the image
of the police.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References 

Kneen,
Peter. “Political corruption in Russia and the Soviet Legacy.”
SpringerLink. Accessed January 22, 2018. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1026510706947.

 

 

Gan.

“Russia Corruption Report.” Corruption Report. Accessed January 22, 2018.

http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/russia.

 

 

Baunov,
Alexander. “How Putin Made Political Corruption Great Again.” The
Atlantic. July 07, 2017. Accessed January 22, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/07/putin-trump-clinton-establishment-russia/532821/.

 

Police
Corruption. Accessed January 22, 2018. https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-guides/criminal-justice/police-problems/police-corruption.

 

Roberts,
Elizabeth. “Russia’s anti-corruption protests explained.” CNN. June
12, 2017. Accessed January 22, 2018. http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/12/europe/russia-protests-qa/index.html.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1
Roberts, Elizabeth.

“Russia’s anti-corruption protests explained.” CNN. June 12, 2017.

Accessed January 22, 2018.

http://www.cnn.com/2017/06/12/europe/russia-protests-qa/index.html.

 

2
Police Corruption. Accessed
January 22, 2018.

https://www.cliffsnotes.com/study-guides/criminal-justice/police-problems/police-corruption.

 

3
Kneen, Peter. “Political
corruption in Russia and the Soviet Legacy.” SpringerLink. Accessed
January 22, 2018. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1026510706947.

 

4
Gan. “Russia Corruption
Report.” Corruption Report. Accessed January 22, 2018.

http://www.business-anti-corruption.com/country-profiles/russia.

 

5
Baunov, Alexander. “How
Putin Made Political Corruption Great Again.” The Atlantic. July 07, 2017.

Accessed January 22, 2018.

https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/07/putin-trump-clinton-establishment-russia/532821/.