This Use of a Wrong Tense 234 (20,15%) 154

This paper is
based on the corpus of recorded English language classes of elementary school
age. For the needs of the research, classes were recorded  in Montenegrin primary schools (central,
southern and northern regions) from the school year 2013 to 2017. After the
recording, the transcription of the hours began. The transcription was
performed by listening to the recorded hours and notifying the errors through a
tabular display. The corpus consists of thirty (30x45min=1.350min) recorded
English classes. We have a total of 3,129 lexical and grammar errors (1,161
errors central part of Montenegro, 1,051 errors southern part of Montenegro,
917 errors northern part of Montenegro).

 

3.6. Data Analysis

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In the
analysis of the errors of students of the 7th grade, we have the following
results:

Table 1. Showing the number of
grammatical and lexical errors at the age of VII grade

Errors

The Central part of
Montenegro

The Southern
part of
Montenegro

The Northern
part of
Montenegro

Total

Grammatical errors

 

 

 

 

The Use of
a Wrong Modal Verb

23
(1,98%)

58
(5,51%)

37
(4,03%)

118
(7,74%)

Missuse of
the Infinitive and The Infinitive without ”To”

98
(8,44%)

86
(8,18%)

46
(5,01%)

230
(15,10%)

The Use of a Wrong Tense

234
(20,15%)

154
(14,65%)

189
(20,61%)

577
(37,88%)

Wrong
Articles (The Indefinite Article, The Definite Article)

203
(17,48%)

100
(9,51%)

69
(7,52%)

372
(24,42%)

Wrong use
of Verb ,,To Be”

24
(2,06%)

78
(7,42%)

36
(3,92%)

138
(9,06%)

Indirect
Questions

90
(7,75%)

61
(5,80%)

50
(5,45%)

201
(13,19%)

Singular
and Plural

54
(4,65%)

30
(2,85%)

97
(10,57%)

181
(11,88%)

The Third
Person Singular

13
(1,11%)

23
(2,18%)

32
(3,48%)

68
(4,46%)

Confusion
of Parts of Speech

57
(4,90%)

69
(6,56%)

49
(5,34%)

175
(11,49%)

Total amount of grammatical errors

796
 

659
 

605
 

2.060
(58,75%)

Lexical errors

 

 

 

 

Wrong Position of Adverbs, Adverbs
often Confused (Interference)

50
(4,30%)

47
(4,47%)

34
(3,70%)

131
(12,25%)
 

Prepositions
often Confused

35
(3,01%)

13
(1,23%)

23
(2,50%)

71
(6,64%)
 

Nouns
often Confused

92
(7,92%)

102
(9,70%)

78
(8,50%)

272
(25,44%)
 

Adjectives
often Confused

92
(7,92%)

105
(9,99%)

87
(9,48%)

284
(26,56%)

Verbs
often Confused

14
(1,20%)

13
(1,23%)

16
(1,74%)

43
(4,02%)

The
Incorrect Word Order

25
(2,15%)

47
(4,47%)

42
(4,58%)

114
(10,66%)

Using a
Wrong Preposition, Omission of Preposition and Unnecessary Prepositions
 

57
(4,90%)

65
(6,18%)

32
(3,48%)

154
(14,40%)

Total amount of lexical errors

365

392
 

312
 

1.069
(41,24%)

Total amount of grammatical and
lexical errors sorted by regions

1.161

1.051

917

3.129

 

 

 

Based on the
analysis of the data, it can be concluded that at the age of the students of
the 7th grade we have a total of 3.129 grammatical and lexical errors, of which
in the part referring to the poor knowledge of verb tenses there is 577, which
is more in relation to other types. Expressed in percentages, the result shows
that a total of 37.88% of errors, out of the total number of grammar errors,
refers to poor knowledge of verbal times.
The results of this analysis are expected, starting from the fact that in our
previous research, which relate to grammatical errors, the analysis has shown
that the verbal times remain the biggest unknown when it comes to age, that is,
class VII level.

When we talk about the
interference of the mother tongue on the side (when it comes to adjectives and
adjectives), we noticed that in our research there was an irregularity in this
regard when it comes to VII grade. Out of the total number of errors, irregularities
in terms of interference include 131 errors, which in percentage is 12.25%. Bearing
in mind the classification of errors in grammatical and lexical, we note that
grammatical errors are more represented than lexical. Out of the total number
of errors, which is 2,529, the grammatical errors make 1,523, which in
percentage amounts to 58,75% of the total number. If we compare the results in
all regions, we can conclude that it is an equal result, that is, grammatical
errors are always present.

Since one of
our goals was to determine whether there are significant variations in the
types of grammar and lexical mistakes of students, depending on which part of
Montenegro they come from, theresults show the following. If we are talking
about the central part of Montenegro, the analysis shows that of the total
number of errors (1.161), 234 of them refer to poor knowledge of verbal times,
that is, 20.15% of the total number. If we have in mind the southern part of
Montenegro, the analysis shows that of the total number of errors (1,051), 154
of them refer to the poor knowledge of verb tenses,that is,14,65%. Starting
from the research related to the northern part of Montenegro, the analysis of
the results shows that out of the total number of 917 errors, those referring
to the poor knowledge of the verbal times go 189, that is, expressed in percent
20.61%

The results of
this analysis show that there are no variations in the types of student errors
depending on which part of Montenegro they come from, that is, in all of these
regions, the greatest unknown is the verb tenses.